History of Van
Van ,Texas, is on Farm Road 314, State Highway 110, and Interstate 20 near the Van field fourteen miles east of Canton in east central Van Zandt County. In 1894 schoolteacher Henry Vance established a post office, and the name Van was chosen when the post office renamed the community for resident Vannie Tunnell and postmaster Vance. The rural farming community consisted of a post office, a school and a general store. In October 1929, the Pure Oil company discovered oil on the property of W. T. Jarman The city erupted into a to a substantial community where thirty buildings, including hotels and stores, had been constructed in only ten days. In November, Sun Oil, Shell Petroleum, the Texas Company, Pure Oil, and Humble became coowners of the field, with Pure Oil as chief operator. In 1930 the Texas Short Line Railway was extended from Grand Saline. The city grew. During the 1930’s the population numbered in the 800’s.It declined during World War II because workers moved away with war related jobs, but increased at the end of the war.Business in the town jumpoed from the high of 50 in 1934 to a low of 15 in 1945. With the oil field being mechanized in the 1940’s , and by the 1950’s Van had a Humble Oil Refinery, numerous churches, and a consoldated independent school system. When I was groewing up, and visiting my grandparents here, the streets were literally paved with oil. A total of 591 wells made up the Van field when Pure Oil became a division of Union Oil in 1965. The population of Van grew from 1,103 in 1962 to 1,820 by 1974, when the community received a government housing project. With its close proximity to the county center at Canton, however, Van continued to grow slowly, reaching a population high of only 1,854 by 1992.Today we have a population of 2,446 . Our schools house students from many communities. We are growing again.
Population (year 2000): 2,362
Males: 1,122 (47.5%), Females: 1,240 (52.5%)
Elevation: 515 feet
County: Van Zandt
Land area: 3.0 square miles
Median resident age: 35.9 years
Median household income: $32,177 (year 2000)
Median house value: $68,100 (year 2000)
ces in Van:
White Non-Hispanic (91.1%)
Other race (2.1%)
Two or more races (1.1%)
American Indian (0.8%)
(Total can be greater than 100% because Hispanics could be counted in other races)
Ancestries: United States (14.3%), Irish (10.4%), German (10.1%), English (7.9%), Scottish (2.2%), Scottish (2.2%).
r population 25 years and over in Van
High school or higher: 78.5%
Bachelor’s degree or higher: 19.2%
Graduate or professional degree: 7.0%
Mean travel time to work: 29.4 minutes
For population 15 years and over in Van city
Never married: 18.5%
Now married: 60.3%
7.2% Foreign born (6.3% Latin America).
Nearest city with pop. 50,000+: Tyler, TX (26.7 miles, pop. 83,650).
Nearest city with pop. 200,000+: Garland, TX (73.5 miles, pop. 215,768).
Nearest city with pop. 1,000,000+: Dallas, TX (81.3 miles, pop. 1,188,580).
Nearest cities: Edom, TX (10.4 miles), Grand Saline, TX (11.7 miles), Mineola, TX (14.0 miles), Fruitvale, TX (15.6 miles), Brownsboro, TX (15.7 miles), Lindale, TX (15.7 miles), Canton, TX (15.9 miles), Alba, TX (18.4 miles).
Single-family new house construction building permits:
1996: 4 buildings, average cost: $64,000
1997: 6 buildings, average cost: $76,800
1998: 9 buildings, average cost: $78,900
1999: 5 buildings, average cost: $82,600
2000: 9 buildings, average cost: $65,000
2001: 10 buildings, average cost: $117,400
2002: 12 buildings, average cost: $87,900
Area code: 903
Industries providing employment: Educational,health and social services (25.9%), Retail trade (12.7%).
Crime in Van (2001):
0 murders (0.0 per 100,000)
1 rape (42.3 per 100,000)
1 robbery (42.3 per 100,000)
5 assaults (211.7 per 100,000)
24 burglaries (1016.1 per 100,000)
38 larceny counts (1608.8 per 100,000)
7 auto thefts (296.4 per 100,000)
City-data.com crime index = 231.2 (higher means more crime, US average = 330